我国大宗商品定价话语权研究

—— 以大豆为例
Study of Pricing Discourse Power on Bulk Commodity

作者: 专业:金融硕士(专业学位) 导师:唐齐鸣 年度:2016 学位:硕士  院校: 华中科技大学

Keywords

imported soybean, pricing right to speak, monopoly market

        随着国家的快速发展,我国已经成为大宗商品贸易大国,但是由于种种原因,我国大宗商品定价话语权在国际贸易一直处于相对弱势的地位,因此对我国国内的宏观经济运行、微观企业经营都会带来不利影响。本文主要通过定性分析以及定量分析这两种方法来进行研究。以我国缺乏大宗商品国际定价话语权为切入点,通过分析我国目前的大宗商品定价话语权现状以及定价话语权缺失的原因进行深入探讨,本文的重心是以研究大宗商品中的进口大豆的国际定价话语权为例,通过1995年-2015年的统计数据对世界大豆的生产情况和进出口情况进行分析,从而得到世界生产大豆市场的集中度非常高,大豆的主要主产国同时也是最主要的几个大豆出口国,并且以中国为代表的几大大豆进口国的进口量已经占据了世界进口总量的百分之八十以上。中国目前成为全球第一大大豆进口国,研究中分别对国内的大豆生产、国内大豆消费结构和国内大豆进出口进行了数据统计和分析。接下来是对中国进口大豆的寡头垄断市场进行定性分析以及运用修正后的勒纳指数进行定量分析,并且着重对影响中国进口大豆定价的几个因素进行多元线性回归模型,对几个因素的权重进行测度。最后数据分析和因素分析的基础上,对如何提升我国进口大豆国际定价话语权提出适合的对策建议。
    With the rapid economic development, China has become a commodity trading nation, it is an important consumer and biggest importer of many commodities. But commodity pricing right to speak has been a real problem in our country can not be avoided. For various reasons, our country is in a relatively weak position on commodity pricing right to speak in international trade, an adverse impact on macroeconomic, microeconomic business will be.Through the study of international commodity pricing right to speak of imported soybeans, for example, first through the world soybean production and imports and exports of soybeans in the world to get the degree of concentration is very high, the main soybean producing countries are also the most several major soybean exporter, and China as the representative of several major soybean importing countries have occupied the eighty percent of the world’s total imports over. Because China has a great demand for soybeans, we further analyze the situation of production, consumption and import and export of China to master Chinese soybean demand in the direction where it is. Next is China’s soybean imports market qualitative and quantitative analysis, and focuses on a number of factors affect the pricing of Chinese soybean imports were multiple linear regression analysis. Finally, suggestions to enhance the international pricing right to speak of imported soybeans, soybean volatility of international prices received international monopoly factors, reflecting the absence of the right to speak in Chinese soybean imports in international pricing mechanism, but also exposed the Chinese soybean industry, imports problems trade and market development, futures, to hedge the risk of price fluctuations in China’s soybean imports in trade, make suggestions.
        

我国大宗商品定价话语权研究

摘要4-5
ABSTRACT5
1 绪论8-14
    1.1 选题背景和意义8-9
    1.2 文献综述9-12
    1.3 研究思路、方法、框架及创新点12-14
2 我国大宗商品定价话语权概述14-21
    2.1 我国大宗商品定价话语权的现状14-17
    2.2 影响大宗商品定价话语权的关键因素17-19
    2.3 定价话语权缺失的原因分析19-21
3 世界大豆贸易格局概述21-31
    3.1 世界大豆生产情况21-24
    3.2 世界大豆进出口情况24-28
    3.3 中国大豆消费和进口贸易情况28-31
4 中国进口大豆商业贸易链以及市场分析31-37
    4.1 中国进口大豆商业贸易链的相关利益主体31-33
    4.2 中国进口大豆市场结构分析33-37
5 中国进口大豆定价机理研究37-44
    5.1 中国进口大豆国际定价机理37-40
    5.2 中国进口大豆国际定价的主要影响因素和定价权重分析40-44
6 提升进口大豆定价话语权的对策建议44-48
    6.1 加大国内大豆生产44-45
    6.2 积极走出去,开拓多元化进口渠道45-46
    6.3 使中国的大豆期货市场发挥更大的作用46-48
致谢48-49
参考文献49-51
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