抗战时期山东流亡学生内迁研究

—— 以国立六中为个案

作者: 专业:中国近现代史 导师:马亮宽 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 聊城大学

Keywords

The War of Resistance Against Japan, Shandong Exiled Students, internal migration, The Sixth National Middle School

        抗日战争爆发后,华北地区相继沦陷,平津地区的学生为了躲避战火纷纷选择南迁,平津流亡学生群体形成。战事的日益迫近,致使平津流亡学生南迁,刺激了山东省教育厅必须尽快行动起来,以保护山东省的教育事业免遭战火的摧残。在紧张的时局下,山东省教育厅做出学生内迁的决定。从某种意义上来说,山东流亡学生群体属于战争难民的范畴,但是他们又具有其特殊性,他们在流亡路上积极传播抗日救亡思想,有些学生甚至弃笔从戎,走上抗日战场。在他们的身上,彰显着青年知识分子的民族责任感和时代担当,创造了山东近代教育史上的奇迹。部分山东学生有组织的内迁经过山东、河南、陕西、湖北而进入四川绵阳地区,被整编为“国立六中”。论文以“国立六中”为切入点,来研究抗日战争时期山东流亡内迁学生群体等相关问题。本文基于对抗日战争时期整个华北地区的局势、国民政府的决策和山东省教育厅的行为分析,来研究山东学生选择流亡南迁的原因和南迁政策制定的经过;通过对史料的研究来清晰地梳理出山东流亡学生群体的内迁路线和生活学习面貌;通过对国立六中的研究来论证山东流亡学生在抗日战争中的历史作用和贡献。山东流亡学生群体是特殊历史时期的产物,面对战争,他们并没有妥协,而是用自己的实际行动去反对战争,勇敢地扛起时代的大旗。他们在流亡内迁路上,学到了知识,磨炼了意志,铸就了品格,并为后世留下了一笔宝贵的精神财富;文脉长存,以励后人。
    As the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan,North China was occupied.Students in Beijing and Tianjin chosed to move to the south in order to escape the war,formed exiled student colony.The state of affairs stimulated the Education Department of Shandong province to act quickly to protect Shandong Province Education from the ravages of war.Under the tense situation,Shandong Education Department made the decision to transfer students.In a sense,the Shandong exiled student colony belonged to the category of war refugees,but they also had its distinguishing characteristics.They actively conducted propaganda the thoughts of the Anti-Japanese in their exiled way,some students even gave up civilian pursuits to join the army and walked into the battle.It has showed the sense of national responsibility and mission of the times for the young intellectuals,and created the miracle of shandong’s modern education history.Students in Shandong province have been organized to move to Mianyang,Sichuan province,through Shandong,Henan,Shanxi,Hubei province.This thesis takes Sixth National Middle School as a breakthrough point to study the problems related to the migration of exiled students in Shandong during the war of resistance against Japan.Based on the analysis of the Anti-Japanese war situation in the whole of Northern China,the national government’s decision,and the Education Department of Shandong Province,this paper uses the information to research the reasons why students chose to move to the South and the process of making policy.This paper will also demonstrate the migration routes of the exiled student colony,their life and study.It also discloses the impact and contribution to history of the exiled student colony by the Sixth National Middle School.Shandong’s exiled student colony is the product of a special historical period.In face of wars,they did not compromise and take practical action to oppose the war.They carried the banner of the times,tempered their will,molded their character,learned knowledge,and left a precious spiritual wealth to encourage the later generations.Their spirit,like the proverbial show,goes on.
        

抗战时期山东流亡学生内迁研究

摘要3-4
abstract4
绪论7-10
    第一节 选题意义7-8
    第二节 学术史回顾及创新点8-10
第一章 抗战时期山东学生流亡的原因10-16
    第一节 严峻的时代背景10-12
    第二节 国民政府“学校迁移”政策的引导12-13
    第三节 杨展云的南迁提议和落实13-16
第二章 山东流亡学生的内迁经历16-24
    第一节 学生主体迁移16-20
    第二节 学生流亡过程中的学习生活情况20-24
第三章 落户四川的“国立六中”24-38
    第一节 “国立六中”的建校过程24-25
    第二节 抗战时期国民政府对流亡学生的安置和保障25-28
    第三节 “国立六中”的教育与管理28-38
第四章 山东流亡学生内迁的意义和影响38-42
    第一节 抗日战争时期中等教育的奇迹38-39
    第二节 国立六中的人才培养成就和青年学生的时代担当39-40
    第三节 国立六中的文脉延续和精神传承40-42
结语42-44
参考文献44-46
致谢46-48
攻读硕士学位期间发表的学位论文48
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