光绪朝循化厅祭祀体系研究

A Study on the Sacrificial System of Xunhua Hall in Qing Dynasty

作者: 专业:中国史 导师:杨红伟 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 兰州大学

Keywords

Qing dynasty, Frontier, Xunhua hall, Sacrifices, State power, Multidimensional rights interaction

        “国之大事,在祀与戎”,祭祀作为中国古代五礼之首,在国家意识形态以及国家权威的建构中处于核心地位。长期以来,学术界对国家祭祀与国家权威的建构都给予了极大的关注。作为古代边疆区域纳入王朝体系之后,国家权威与地方势力互动的重要落脚点之一“循化厅祭祀体统”,成为清代“边疆内化”以及“国家权威”与“地方性知识”互动与抉择的重要场域。相较于中华腹地而言,光绪朝循化厅祭祀体系具有显著特征。其一,由于独特的地域以及民族特点,循化厅最终形成了官方祭祀系统、民间祭祀系统、半官方祭祀系统—寺院,三维一体的祭祀格局。其二,祭祀作为王朝国家传播圣谕、教化民众以及宣扬儒家价值体系的重要手段,在循化厅由“化外”变为“内化”的建构中具有强化“国家权威”并加速儒家价值观推行的重要功能。不仅如此,面对循化厅地域的自我认同或自我建构,清王朝国家符号以及象征资本的适时调整成为双方互动之下的必然。在重复的仪式以及固定时间的共同支配下,清王朝企图于此地建构起一种国家合法性权威的公共象征体系,并且利用祭祀所特有的象征符号体系最终完成对民众的规训。本文以此为视角,以“循化厅档案”为史料核心,以晚清为时间断限,试图展现国家对于边疆祭祀体系的框架建构,并挖掘祭祀体系之下所体现的王朝国家权威不断对新纳土之民的渗透过程及其边疆区域国家意识的形成过程。
    "The great event of the state is in the sacrifices and rites",as the first of the five rites in ancient China,is at the core position in the construction of national ideology and state authority.For a long time,the academic circles have paid great attention to the construction of state sacrifice and state authority.As one of the important foothold of the interaction between the state authority and the local forces in the ancient frontier region,the sacrifice of the Xunhua hall,one of the important foothold of the interaction between the state authority and the local forces,has become an important field for our diachronic investigation of the interaction and choice of "Frontier internalization" and "national authority" and "local knowledge" in the Qing Dynasty.Compared with the hinterland of China,the sacrificial system of Guangxu Xunhua hall has notable characteristics.First,due to the unique geographical and national characteristics,the Xunhua hall finally formed the official sacrificial system,the folk sacrifice system,the semi official sacrificial system-the temple,the three-dimensional one.Secondly,as an important means to disseminate the imperial edicts,educate the people and promote the Confucian value system,the sacrifices have the important function of strengthening the "authority of the state" and accelerating the implementation of the Confucian values in the construction of the Xunhua hall from "the outside" to the "Internalization".Not only that,in the face of the self identity or self construction of the region of the Xunhua hall,the timely adjustment of the national symbols and the symbolic capital of the Qing Dynasty became the necessity of the interaction between the two sides.Under the common domination of repeated ceremonies and fixed time,the Qing Dynasty attempted to construct a public symbol system of the authority of the country’s legitimacy,and finally completed the training of the people by using the symbolic system peculiar to the sacrificial place.Taking this as the angle of view,taking "the archives of Xunhua hall" as the core of historical materials and taking the late Qing Dynasty as the time breaking limit,this paper tries to show the framework of the state’s framework for the border sacrificial system,and excavate the process of the infiltration process of the national authority of the Dynasty and the forming process of the state consciousness of the frontier region.
        

光绪朝循化厅祭祀体系研究

中文摘要3-4
Abstract4
第一章 绪论7-17
    一、选题的缘由及意义:边缘的呼唤—区域社会史研究中的边疆7-10
    二、研究现状回顾10-14
    三、研究资料概况14-15
    四、研究视角与方法15-17
第二章 “族群·空间·文化”:循化厅多维空间格局深描17-27
    一、循化厅行政区划历时性考察17-21
    二、循化厅自然生态空间21-24
    三、循化厅多维族群与文化生态24-27
第三章 光绪朝循化厅祭祀类型27-39
    一、光绪朝之前循化厅祭祀活动27-28
    二、光绪朝循化厅官方祭祀系统28-33
    三、光绪朝循化厅民间祭祀系统33-36
    四、“半官方”祭祀系统—寺院36-39
第四章 光绪朝循化厅祭祀经费——以官方祭祀体系为核心39-49
    一、祭祀经费之来源39-43
    二、祭祀经费之开除43-49
第五章 象征、仪式与符号权威:光绪朝循化厅祭祀体系中的国家与地方49-61
    一、国家在场:祭祀体系中国家符号的再现49-53
    二、调适与整合:国家与地方互动下国家符号重构53-58
    三、光绪朝循化厅祭祀体系的效能58-61
第六章 结语61-62
参考文献62-69
附录一、地图69-72
附录二、循化厅官方祭祀庙宇统计表72-73
附录三、档案节选73-78
在学期间的研究成果78-79
致谢79
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