升允主政陕甘研究

Sheng Yun’s Administration of Shanxi and Gansu Studies

作者: 专业:中国史 导师:聂红萍 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 兰州大学

Keywords

Sheng Yun, Shanxi and Gansu, New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty, Measures

        1901—1909年,升允先后任职陕西巡抚、陕甘总督。借清廷推行新政之便,升允充分发挥督抚在地方治理上的自主性,积极作为。政治上:整肃吏治、改革官制,参与预备立宪;军事上:督饬编练陕西、甘肃新军,兼办巡警;实业上:重视发展农林业、举办近代工矿业、振兴商业;交通上:热心筹办西北铁路、主持修建黄河铁桥、发展河运业;文化教育上:兴学堂、办书局、注重保护传统文化;民族、社会方面:缓和民族矛盾、实施禁烟活动、办官医局。这一系列举措对陕甘社会稳定和近代化建设大有裨益。升允督抚陕甘既得益于新政,又深陷新政之困。在清廷要求各直省一体化推进新政的谕令下,加之陕甘财政拮据以及新政先后“变味”等因素的困扰,升允督抚陕甘期间的许多举措最终流于形式。
    1901-1909,Sheng Yun has served in Shanxi and Gansu governor.By using the Qing government to implement the New Deal,Sheng Yun gave full play to governors’ autonomy in local governance and actively made a difference.Politically,it is necessary to actively rectify the official administration,reform the official system,and take part in preparatory constitutional work.On the military: supervising and appraising the new army in Shanxi and Gansu and patrolling the policemen;in industry,attaching importance to the development of agriculture and forestry,organizing the modern mining industry and revitalizing commerce,Enthusiastic to organize the Northwest Railway,presided over the construction of the Yellow River Railway Bridge,and actively develop the river transport industry;culture and education: Setting up the school,booking the Office,and repairing artifacts;ethnic and social aspects: to actively ease the national conflicts,the implementation of the ban on smoking,the government office.This series of measures will greatly benefit the social stability and modernization of Shanxi and Gansu.Benefit from the New Deal,but also deeply trapped in the storm of the New Deal.Under the urging of the Qing government to encourage the integration of new provinces,and the financial constraints of Shanxi and Gansu Provinces,and the New Deal has been plagued by factors such as "taste",many of the measures during the supervision of the Governor of Shanxi and Gansu were eventually in the form.
        

升允主政陕甘研究

中文摘要3-4
Abstract4
绪论7-9
    一 选题缘由7
    二 研究综述7-8
    三 研究方法8-9
第一章 相关背景介绍及升允其人9-13
    第一节 晚清以降陕甘概况9-11
    第二节 升允其人11-13
第二章 官制改革13-23
    第一节 整肃吏治13-16
    第二节 改革官制16-18
    第三节 升允对预备立宪的态度18-23
第三章 编练陕甘新军23-30
    第一节 编练陕西新军23-24
    第二节 督饬编练甘肃新军24-26
    第三节 升允对军事改革态度变化的原因26-30
第四章 兴办农工商矿业30-43
    第一节 重视发展农林业31-33
    第二节 举办近代工矿业33-36
    第三节 振兴陕甘商业36-40
    第四节 新政期间甘肃实业进展缓慢原因40-43
第五章 发展甘肃交通运输业43-50
    第一节 西北铁路的萌芽43-45
    第二节 修建黄河铁桥45-48
    第三节 发展河运业48-50
第六章 革新陕甘文教50-57
    第一节 改革陕西文化教育50-52
    第二节 革新甘肃文化教育52-57
第七章 民族、社会及司法方面作为57-63
    第一节 民族事务57-59
    第二节 司法事务59-61
    第三节 社会事务61-63
结语63-64
参考文献64-67
在校期间的研究成果67-68
致谢68
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