葫芦山遗址原始瓷主成分分析及相关问题研究

Principal Component Analyses and Related Studies on the Proto-porcelain of Hulushan Site,Wuyishan,Fujian Province

作者: 专业:文物与博物馆 导师:葛威 年度:2017 学位:硕士  院校: 厦门大学

Keywords

Hulushan site, Proto-porcelain, Multivariate statistical analysis

        本文对25个武夷山市葫芦山遗址出土原始瓷片,3个武夷山市竹林坑遗址出土原始瓷片以及4个永春县辽田尖遗址出土原始瓷片,共计32个样本的胎、釉主化学元素组成成分进行了测定,并通过主成分分析、因子分析、聚类分析等多元统计方法,对测定数据进行了分析研究。结果表明葫芦山遗址原始瓷胎体是以瓷石为原料的一元配方,元素组成特征上符合我国南方早期石英——云母系瓷的特色。辽田尖、葫芦山胎体配方仍处于探索阶段,原料选取带有一定的原始性,而竹林坑样品的烧制工艺水平较之这两个遗址已具有了一定的先进性。三处遗址出土原始瓷的釉料均是由制胎粘土中掺和草木灰配制而成。竹林坑的窑工们已经初步掌握了较为先进的原始瓷釉料的配方技术,有利于提高原始瓷产品的烧制成功率与成品合格率。此外,本文还对葫芦山原始瓷的区域性特征进行了探讨,将其与它相邻较近地区出土原始瓷胎、釉化学组成成分数据对比分析。结果显示浙江江山出土原始瓷与葫芦山样品关系密切,葫芦山原始瓷一部分可能来源于浙江地区的输入,一部分则可能是在吴越文化的影响下本地烧造。
    This paper produced archaeometry studies on 25 pieces proto-porcelain of Hulushan site,3 pieces proto-porcelain of Zhulinkeng site and 4 pieces proto-porcelain of Liaotianjian site.The main chemical composition of body and glaze of the samples were applied the multivariate statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis,factor analysis and cluster analysis.The results show that the proto-porcelain of Hulushan site was manufactured with a single formula,of which the porcelain stone composed the raw material.The elemental composition is in line with the characteristics of the early quartz-mica porcelain in the southern China.The body formula of the proto-porcelain of Liaotianjian and Hulushan site was still in the exploratory stage,and the selection of raw material also show some primitive features.However,Zhulinkeng samples show more advanced characters than the other two sites in some extend.Our analyses indicate that the glazes of the samples from all the three sites were made from a mixture of clay with fired grass ash.The manufacturer of Zhulinkeng kiln have initially mastered the more advanced proto-porcelain enamel formula technology,which is conducive to improve the product quality and the success rate in firing manufacture.In addition,the paper also discussed the regional characteristics of the proto-porcelain of Hulushan site.The chemical compositions of the body and glaze were compared with those unearthed in the nearby Zhejiang and Jiangxi province.The results suggest that the proto-porcelain unearthed in Jiangshan,Zhejiang have close relationship with Hulushan samples.We argue that part of the proto-porcelain of Hulushan site should be derived from the input of Zhejiang,while others were manufactured locally with the influence of Wu and Yue culture.
        

葫芦山遗址原始瓷主成分分析及相关问题研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
第一章 绪论13-29
    1.1 葫芦山遗址概况13-16
    1.2 陶瓷科技考古概况16-20
        1.2.1 中国古代陶瓷科技的发展16-18
        1.2.2 我国陶瓷科技考古简史18-20
    1.3 商周原始瓷研究综述20-23
    1.4 福建地区原始瓷器研究概况23-24
    1.5 研究思路与方法24-26
    参考文献26-29
第二章 材料与方法29-38
    2.1 葫芦山遗址原始瓷样本29-32
        2.1.1 葫芦山部分样品吸水率测定29-30
        2.1.2 主成分测试样品30-32
    2.2 测试仪器和条件32
    2.3 实验过程32
    2.4 数据处理方法32-37
        2.4.1 主成分分析33-34
        2.4.2 因子分析34-35
        2.4.3 聚类分析35-37
    参考文献37-38
第三章 原始瓷的主成分分析38-63
    3.1 主量元素测试结果38-41
    3.2 三个遗址出土原始瓷主量元素因子分析41-57
        3.2.1 胎的主量元素组成因子分析41-49
        3.2.2 釉的主量元素组成因子分析49-57
    3.3 三个遗址出土原始瓷主量元素聚类分析57-61
        3.3.1 胎的主量元素组成聚类分析57
        3.3.2 釉的主量元素组成聚类分析57-61
    3.4 小结61-62
    参考文献62-63
第四章 葫芦山原始瓷的区域性特征63-76
    4.1 福建原始瓷与吴越文化的关系63-64
    4.2 商周时期原始瓷生产中心64-65
    4.3 葫芦山与其他遗址原始瓷化学成分比较分析65-75
        4.3.1 原始瓷胎数据的多元统计分析68-71
        4.3.2 原始瓷釉数据的多元统计分析71-75
    参考文献75-76
第五章 结语76-79
    5.1 胎釉原料选取及工艺特征76-77
    5.2 葫芦山原始瓷的地域性特征77
    5.3 局限性与展望77-79
参考文献79-84
致谢84
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