满族乡村聚落景观基因游客认知研究

—— 以新宾满族自治县为例
Study on the Cognition of Manchu Village Landscape Gene of Tourists in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County

作者: 专业:旅游管理 导师:许东 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 沈阳师范大学

Keywords

Manchu, Rural settlements, Settlement landscape, Landscape gene, Tourist cognition

        乡村聚落特别是传统乡村聚落是传统文化传承的重要载体,然而伴随着社会经济的快速发展,乡村聚落面临着大量损毁和破坏的问题,其所承载的优秀传统文化面临着消亡的威胁,这其中满族乡村聚落表现尤为明显。加强满族乡村聚落的特征识别,无论是对于文化的传承还是旅游产业的开发都具有重要的理论研究意义和现实价值。景观基因为满族乡村聚落的保护和传承提供了独特的研究视角,本文以游客认知为研究切入点,对满族乡村聚落的景观基因进行研究,以期认识满族乡村聚落景观基因的深层内涵,为满族乡村聚落的文化传承和乡村聚落景观的培育与塑造提供支撑。本文在实地调研、访谈、文献梳理等基础上,构建了满族乡村聚落的景观基因指标体系,并采用统计方法对调查问卷的结果进行了定量分析,得出了游客对于满族乡村聚落的景观基因认知情况。并以中华满族第一县——新宾满族自治县为案例地,探讨了满族乡村聚落景观培育的措施。本文首先对国内外相关研究进展进行了总结和评述。分别对乡村聚落景观、景观基因、满族乡村聚落三方面相关的研究内容进行了文献梳理与归纳,总结已有研究成果的成就和不足,确定本文的主要研究思路及要开展的重点研究内容。其次,对乡村聚落、景观基因、游客认知的核心研究概念进行了内容界定,借鉴景观基因理论和地方感理论,结合相关文献的研究成果以及对于辽宁多个满族自治县的满族乡村聚落深度调研,构建了涵盖4个因素层40个因子层的满族乡村聚落景观基因指标体系。最后,借助调查问卷的有效样本数据,对满族乡村聚落景观基因游客认知特征进行了定量实证分析,得出了在游客心目中,满族乡村聚落景观的四个要素维度认知度由高到低依次为传统习俗景观>民居特征>民族标志性景观>街巷景观,并通过描述性统计分析,得出了38项有效因子认知度高低的排序结果,形成了满族乡村聚落景观基因游客认知特征结果。定性与定量方法综合分析研究发现,传统习俗景观在游客视角下具有最高的认知度,满族乡村聚落景观因子认知度排序前十名的因子分别为:满族特色美食、满族服饰、满族传统节日、万字炕(东北火炕)、满语、村民传统的满族生活习俗、满族秧歌、满族剪纸、满族农庄过大年、满族砖雕等特色街景与木格窗棂两项因子排序并列第十。在此研究结果的基础上,本文以新宾满族自治县为案例地,提出了呈现非物质形态景观,提升游客体验价值;塑造村落地标性景观,增强游客感知效果;培育聚落代表性景观,突显满族乡村氛围;传承满族文化根源,守护满族历史文脉等具有实践价值的满族乡村聚落景观培育路径,对未来旅游功能导向下的满族乡村聚落景观的保护与传承具有重要的理论价值与实践指导作用。
    The village settlement,especially the traditional village settlement,is an important carrier of the heritage of the traditional culture.However,with the rapid development of social economy,rural settlements are facing a lot of problems of destruction and destruction.Their excellent traditional culture is facing the threat of extinction.The Manchu rural settlements are particularly evident.Strengthening the identification of Manchu’s rural settlements is of great theoretical and practical significance both for cultural heritage and for the development of tourism industry.The landscape gene provides a unique research perspective for the protection and inheritance of Manchu rural settlements.Based on tourist cognition,this paper studies the landscape genes of Manchu rural settlements,with a view to understand the deep connotation of Manchu rural settlement landscape genes,and provide support for the cultural inheritance of Manchu rural settlements and the cultivation and shaping of rural settlement landscape.Based on the field investigation,interview and literature review,paper constructs the index system of Manchu rural settlement landscape gene,uses statistical methods to survey the results of quantitative analysis,and draws the tourists’ cognitive situation to Manchu rural settlements landscape gene.This paper takes the case of the first Manchu County,Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County,and discusses Manchu village landscape cultivation measures.Firstly,this paper summarizes and reviews the relevant research progress at home and abroad.The research contents of three aspects of rural settlement landscape,landscape gene and Manchu village settlement were reviewed and summarized,respectively.The achievements and shortcomings of the existing research achievements are summarized,and the main research ideas and key research contents to be carried out are determined.Secondly,the core research concepts of rural settlement,landscape gene and tourist cognition are defined.Based on landscape gene theory and sense of place theory,combined with relevant literature and Research on Manchu rural settlements in Manchu Autonomous County of Liaoning,I identified the rural settlements landscape factor index system of Manchu nationality,including 4 dimensions,40 factors.Finally,with the help of the effective sample data of the questionnaire,I quantitatively analyzed the tourist cognition of the landscape image of the Manchu rural settlement and got the results of the four dimensions of the Manchu rural settlement landscape in the mind of the tourists,which from high to low is the landscape of traditional custom > residential feature > National Landmark > street and lane landscape.Through the descriptive statistical analysis,I obtained the ranking results of 38 effective factors and formed the tourist cognition results of the Manchu rural settlement landscape image.Study on the qualitative and quantitative methods of comprehensive analysis found that the tradition of landscape has the highest awareness in the perspective of tourists.The factors of the top ten Manchu village landscape factor recognition respectively are: Manchu characteristic gourmet food,Manchu costumes,Manchu traditional festivals,Swastika Kang(Kang northeast words),Manchu language,The traditional Manchu customs of the villagers,Manchu Yangge,Manchu paper-cut,Manchu farms have been celebrations for years,Manchu Street brick features and wooden windows two factor ranking tied for tenth.Based on the research result of this study,this paper taks Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County as a case,and puts forward several paths of cultivation of the Manchu rural settlement landscape.Such as presenting non-material landscapes to improve the value of tourist experience;shaping the landmark landscapes of the village and enhancing the perception effect of tourists;cultivating the representative landscape of the settlement and highlighting the atmosphere of the Manchu country;and inheriting the cultural roots of the Manchu to protect the historical context of the Manchu.These cultivation paths have important theoretical and practical guiding role on the protection and inheritance of the Manchu rural settlement landscape under the guidance of the future tourism function.
        

满族乡村聚落景观基因游客认知研究

摘要3-4
Abstract4-5
第一章 绪论9-26
    一、研究背景与意义9-11
        (一)研究背景9-10
        (二)研究意义10
        (三)研究目的10-11
    二、研究综述11-22
        (一)乡村聚落景观研究进展11-17
        (二)景观基因研究进展17-20
        (三)满族乡村聚落研究进展20-22
    三、研究内容及框架22-23
        (一)研究内容22-23
        (二)研究框架23
    四、研究方法23-25
        (一)文献分析法23-24
        (二)田野调查法24
        (三)问卷调查法24
        (四)访谈法24-25
    五、创新之处25-26
        (一)内容创新25
        (二)方法创新25-26
第二章 相关概念界定及理论基础26-31
    一、核心概念界定26-27
        (一)乡村聚落26
        (二)景观基因26
        (三)游客认知26-27
    二、相关理论基础27-30
        (一)景观基因理论27-29
        (二)地方感理论29-30
    三、小结30-31
第三章 满族乡村聚落景观基因指标体系构建31-41
    一、研究区域概况31-36
        (一)自然条件特征31
        (二)人文内涵特征31-36
    二、满族乡村聚落景观基因指标体系确定依据36-39
        (一)理论依据36-37
        (二)调查研究37-38
        (三)文献梳理38-39
    三、满族乡村聚落景观基因指标体系构建39-41
第四章 满族乡村聚落景观基因游客认知实证分析41-53
    一、问卷设计与数据统计41-44
        (一)问卷设计41
        (二)问卷预测及调整41-42
        (三)数据收集及分析方法选择42
        (四)样本人口统计描述性分析42-44
    二、游客对满族乡村聚落景观基因认知定量分析44-52
        (一)信度分析44-45
        (二)效度分析45-49
        (三)描述性统计分析49-50
        (四)差异分析50-52
    三、实证总结52-53
第五章 新宾满族自治县满族乡村聚落景观现状与培育53-60
    一、新宾满族自治县满族乡村聚落景观现状分析53-56
        (一)访谈资料定性归纳53-55
        (二)问卷数据资料定量分析55-56
    二、满族乡村聚落景观培育56-60
        (一)呈现非物质形态景观,提升游客体验价值56
        (二)塑造村落地标性景观,增强游客感知效果56-57
        (三)培育聚落代表性景观,突显满族乡村氛围57-58
        (四)传承满族文化根源,守护满族历史文脉58-60
第六章 结论与展望60-62
    一、研究结论60
    二、研究局限与不足60
    三、研究展望与建议60-62
参考文献62-68
附录168-69
附录269-71
附录371-74
个人简历及在校期间研究成果74-75
致谢75-76
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