平遥镇国寺十王壁画的年代考证与图像配置研究

Research on Age Verification and Image Configuration of the Mural of the Ten Kings at Zhenguo Temple in Pingyao County

作者: 专业:艺术学理论(专业学位) 导师:张昕 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 湖北美术学院

Keywords

Pingyao, Zhenguo Temple, mural of the Ten Kings

        十王信仰起源于唐末,敦煌遗书中有各类版本的《十王经》遗存。宋以来,随着水陆法会的兴盛,再加上儒家意识形态和道教思想的杂糅,十王图像的生产和传播呈现了本土化的发展趋势。到了明清,社会经济发生变革,十王信仰的供奉格局更加多元。笔者所选山西平遥镇国寺十王壁画为课题,旨在从十王图像谱系的个案研究中,建构和完善该信仰系统的理论框架。本文共从四个部分展开对镇国寺的十王壁画研究:绪论概述了课题的研究背景、研究方法和相关题材的国内外研究现状;第二部分,笔者梳理了十王图像谱系发展中的神祇结构变化,即主尊从释迦牟尼佛转变为地藏菩萨,十王神格从冕旒天子和武将过渡到平等的地位,并总结了说法式、拱卫式、连环画式和向心式四种构图形制;第三部分,详细考证了镇国寺地藏殿十王壁画的绘制年代、构图形式和配置秩序,并确定其为图文联屏的新样式;最后一部分,分别从当地阶层的宗教心理和明清十王图像生产的不规范性分析该屏风样式形成的社会因素。
    The religion of the Ten Kings originated in the late Tang Dynasty.There are various versions of the "Sutra of the Ten Kings" in Dunhuang documents.In the Song Dynasty,with the prosperity of the Shuilu Rite,,and the mixture of Confucian Ideology and Taoism,the production and dissemination of the Ten Kings’ images showed the trend of localization.With the social and economic changes in the Ming and Qing Dynasties,the ways to worship the Ten Kings were more diverse.The paper chooses the mural of the Ten Kings at Zhenguo Temple in Pingyao county,Shanxi Province as the subject,aiming to formulate and perfect the theoretical framework of the belief system based on the case studies on the image system of the Ten Kings.This paper does research on the mural of the Ten Kings at Zhenguo Temple,including four parts: First,the introduction summarizes the background,methods and status quo of the current research on related topics at home and abroad.Second,the paper analyzes the changes in the Ten Kings’ image : The transition of the leading role from the Sakyamuni Buddha to the Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva,and transition from emperor and general to equal status with the conclusion on four forms.Third,the paper does a detailed study of the drawing time,composition and disposition order of the Ten Kings’ mural and defines it as a new pattern featuring the combination of paintings and calligraphy.Fourth,the paper analyzes the social factor that shape the style from the perspectives of religious psychology of the local strata and the non-standard nature of image production of the Ten Kings.
        

平遥镇国寺十王壁画的年代考证与图像配置研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1.绪论8-13
    1.1 研究意义8-10
        1.1.1 理论意义8-9
        1.1.2 实践意义9-10
    1.2 国内外研究现状10-12
        1.2.1 国外研究现状10-11
        1.2.2 国内研究现状11-12
    1.3 研究范围与研究方法12-13
        1.3.1 研究范围12-13
        1.3.2 研究方法13
2.十王图像谱系的神祇结构13-32
    2.1 地藏十王组合14-24
        2.1.1 说法式14-19
        2.1.2 拱卫式19-24
    2.2 十王分厅独立24-31
        2.2.1 连环画式24-28
        2.2.2 向心式28-31
    小结31-32
3.镇国寺十王壁画的年代考证32-40
    3.1 清乾隆重修碑记36-38
    3.2 壁画墨题与人物服饰、辫式38-40
4.镇国寺十王壁画的图像配置40-54
    4.1 南北壁与西壁的空间关系40-45
    4.2 十王壁画的围屏式布局45-54
        4.2.1 十殿冥王45-51
        4.2.2 六曹判官51-54
5.镇国寺十王壁画的文化成因54-70
    5.1 文人阶层的组织参与和地望信仰54-63
    5.2 明清民间十王图像生产的不规范性63-70
        5.2.1 山西平遥镇国寺围屏式十王壁画63-65
        5.2.2 四川原道文化博物馆藏十王卷轴画65-70
结论70-71
参考文献71-74
致谢74
        下载全文需58


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