南昌海昏侯墓出土西汉当卢研究

—— 以三件青铜错金当卢为例
A Study on Danglu Unearthed from the Hai Hun Marquis’s Tomb of Nanchang in the Western Han Dynasty

作者: 专业:艺术学理论 导师:刘茂平 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 湖北美术学院

Keywords

The Western Han Dynasty, Dang Lu, The tomb of Haihun Marquis, Shape, Image

        海昏侯墓出土了80余件当卢,无论是材质,还是形状和图案,都各有不同。材质包括金、错金、青铜和银类等;形状包括圆叶形、圆形和尖叶形;图案则以鸟或兽中的瑞兽为主。其中,最为精美的要数三件青铜错金当卢,它们都有着珍贵的材制和精致的制作工艺,并且它们的造型都呈长叶形,装饰纹样精彩绝伦,不仅有汉代流行的四神纹样还有象征太阳的太阳乌,象征月亮的蟾蜍与玉兔等,最重要的是,这三件当卢的都通过装饰纹样的不同排列秩序分别描绘了汉代人东南昆仑世界、西北冥世的认识以及对死后升仙的向往,究其原因,一方面是由于汉代“尊神重鬼”的社会观念,另一方面则是汉代流行的“长生不老”道教思想。本文从造型和纹饰两个方面来探讨海昏侯墓的三件青铜错金当卢,将此与汉代当时车马出行的制度与车马随葬制度与汉代当时的社会观念、社会思想等方面结合,并且与满城汉墓、济南章丘汉墓出土的当卢进行比较,对海昏侯墓三件青铜当卢进行了初步的综合研究,揭示了其独特的文化含义。
    More than 80 pieces of Dang Lu have been unearthed from the Tomb of Hai hun marquis,both in material,shape and pattern.The materials include gold,wrong gold,bronze and silver,the shapes include round leaf shape,round leaf shape and pointed leaf shape.The design is mainly composed of birds and animals.Among them,the most beautiful ones are three pieces of bronze gold,all of which have precious material and exquisite craftsmanship,and their shapes are in the form of long leaves and exquisite decorative patterns.There are not only the popular four-god patterns in the Han Dynasty,but also the sun and the black that symbolize the sun,the toad and the jade rabbit that symbolize the moon.Most importantly,these three pieces are divided into different orderlies by decorative patterns.Don’t describe the understanding of the world of Kunlun in the southeast of the Han Dynasty and the Hades in the Northwest,and the yearning for the rise of the immortal after death.The reason is,on the one hand,the social thought of "respecting the spirit and valuing the ghost" in the Han Dynasty.On the other hand,the popular Taoist thought of immortality in Han Dynasty.In this paper,the author discusses the three pieces of bronze wrong gold in the tomb of Hai hun marquis from the aspects of modeling and decoration,and combines this with the system of carriage and horse travel in the Han Dynasty,the system of caravan and horse burial,and the social concept,social thought and so on at the time of the Han Dynasty.And compared with Danglu unearthed in Mancheng Han Tomb and Zhangqiu Han Tomb in Jinan,this paper makes a preliminary comprehensive study on three pieces of Bronze Danglu in Hai Hun marquis Tomb,and reveals its unique cultural meaning.
        

南昌海昏侯墓出土西汉当卢研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1.绪论8-12
    1.1 研究的意义8-9
    1.2 文献综述9-11
        1.2.1 国外研究现状9
        1.2.2 国内研究现状9-11
    1.3 研究方法11-12
2.当卢造型研究12-25
    2.1 目前所出土当卢造型13-21
        2.1.1 海昏侯墓出土当卢造型13-16
        2.1.2 其它当卢造型16-21
    2.2 秦汉当卢盛行原因21-25
        2.2.1 秦汉车马出行制度与随葬特点21-24
        2.2.2 汉代严格的马政24-25
3.当卢装饰纹样研究25-45
    3.1 海昏侯出土三件青铜错金当卢纹饰形成原因25-27
        3.1.1 “尊神重鬼”的社会观念26-27
        3.1.2 “长生不老”的道教思想27
    3.2 海昏侯墓出土三件青铜错金当卢纹饰27-45
        3.2.1 主纹饰34-43
        3.2.2 辅纹饰43-45
4.海昏侯墓三件当卢与其它汉墓出土当卢比较45-51
    4.1 与满城汉墓出土两件当卢比较46-48
        4.1.1 造型46-47
        4.1.2 纹饰47-48
    4.2 与济南章丘区洛庄汉墓出土当卢比较48-51
        4.2.1 造型48-49
        4.2.2 纹饰49-51
5.结语51-52
参考文献52-55
致谢55-56
附录1 目前已出土西汉时期当卢56-57
附录2 攻读硕士学位期间发表的学术论文目录57
        下载全文需58


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