论高本汉的中国青铜器研究

Review on Bernhard Karlgren’s Study in Chinese Bronzes

作者: 专业:考古学 导师:郭永利 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 兰州大学

Keywords

Bernhard Karlgren, bronze, research method

        高本汉是瑞典汉学家,他对中国青铜器的研究也很重要。本文重点分析了高本汉的《中国青铜器中的殷与周》、《殷代的一些武器和工具》及《中国青铜器新研究》等成果。在《中国青铜器中的殷与周》中,高本汉通过分析青铜器的形制、铭文、纹饰等信息,将带有“亞、析子孙、举”等三种图形文字的青铜器归为殷商时期;带有周代国王名字、周代王室宗庙、周代封国名字、周代大臣名字等青铜器归为周代。《殷代的一些武器和工具》,高本汉运用类型学的方法将所收集的青铜武器和工具进行分类,在此基础上确定了他所收集的武器和工具的年代,并结合国外一些学者对带有动物风格的青铜器起源地的相关论述,探讨他所收集的中国青铜器与西伯利亚地区卡拉苏克文化时期青铜器的关系,得出中国殷商时期是动物风格青铜器的起源时期,西伯利亚地区卡拉苏克文化时期的青铜器受到殷代青铜文化影响的结论。《中国青铜器新研究》,重点分析了古典式中的A、B、C三类,他认为A、B两类纹饰是完全不同的,C类介于A、B之间,又吸收了新的元素,形成一种新的风格。认为得出这种结论的原因在于,制作青铜器的工匠不同。高本汉通过分析青铜器的铭文、形制和纹饰,并结合中国史料文献的研究方法,仍具有重要的意义。
    Bernhard Karlgren is a sinologist in Sweden.It is very important for his researching Chinese bronze.This article focuses on the analysis of Bernhard Karlgren’s Yin and Chou in Chinese Bronzes,Some weapons and tools of the Yin dynasty,The New Study on Chinese Bronzes and so on.InYin and Chou in Chinese Bronzes,Bernhard Karlgren analyzed the inscriptions,ornamentation,shape and other information,in order to classify the bronzes with “ya,xi zi sun and ku,which are three kinds of graphic texts,to be Yin dynasty;Some bronzes with the name from the king of the Zhou dynasty,the royal family temple of the Zhou Dynasty,the minister’s name of the Zhou dynasty,which belongs to Zhou dynasty.Some Weapons and Tools of the Yin Dynasty,Bernhard Kar lgren used typological methods to classify the collected bronze weapons and tools,on this basis,he determined the age of the weapons and tools,which he collected,combined with the related statements of some foreign scholars on the bronzes of animals style.A discussion about bronzes of the relationship between the Chinese bronze collected by Bernhard Karlgren and the bronze of the Karasuk culture in the Siberian region,it is concluded that the Yin Dynasty in China was the origin of animal-style bronzes,and that during the Karasuk Culture period in the Siberia region,the bronzes was influenced by Yin bronze culture.The New Study on Chinese Bronzes,the emphasis is to analyze the three kinds of categories A,B,and C in the classical style.He believes that the two types of decorations A and B are completely different.Class C is between A and B,and new elements are absorbed to form a new style.The reason for this conclusion is that the craftsmen who made bronzes are different.Bernhard Karlgren analysis inscriptions,shapes,and decors on bronzes,and combined with the research methods of Chinese historical literature,which still has important significance.
        

论高本汉的中国青铜器研究

中文摘要3-4
Abstract4
绪论7-12
    一、选题背景7
    二、研究现状7-11
    三、研究思路及研究方法11
    四、研究重点、难点、创新点11-12
第一章 高本汉及其学术成就概述12-18
    一、高本汉生平12-13
    二、学术成就概述13-18
第二章 高本汉的重要青铜器研究成果18-33
    一、《中国青铜器中的殷与周》18-25
    二、《殷代的一些武器和工具》25-29
    三、《中国青铜器新研究》及其他研究成果29-33
第三章 高本汉研究方法分析33-56
    第一节 以青铜器铭文研究为切入点33-45
        一、殷代青铜器划分标准探讨33-38
        二、周代青铜器划分标准探讨38-45
    第二节 以青铜器形制研究为切入点45-51
    第三节 以青铜器纹饰研究为切入点51-56
结语56-58
参考文献58-61
在学期间的研究成果61-62
致谢62
        
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