武山县木梯寺石窟研究

The Research on the Grottoes of Wooden Ladder Temple in Wushan County

作者: 专业:中国史 导师:陈双印 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 兰州大学

Keywords

Wushan County, Wooden Ladder Temple, Grotto, Buddhism, Research

        佛教于两汉之际传入中国,十六国时期,石窟寺开始出现。南北朝时期,伴随着佛教的普及与发展,开窟建寺的风气达到高潮。在丝绸之路及其周边地区布满了各式各样的佛教石窟寺,西域、河西、陇右等地区是佛教石窟寺营建数量最多的区域,也形成了学界所谓的“X模式”,即龟兹模式、凉州模式、秦州模式等。本文以武山县木梯寺石窟为主要研究对象,立足于正史、《甘肃省志·宗教志》、《天水市志》以及弥足珍贵的武山县四部旧志,考述木梯寺石窟的历史沿革、创建因素,阐述其在甘肃石窟中所处的地位。力图通过探究极具史料价值和历史价值的石窟寺资料,佐证木梯寺石窟保护与开发的现实意义以及社会价值。在实地调查基础上,对该石窟现存第14窟唐代大佛及其西夏文题记、第5、7窟宋代三佛造像、第5窟的明代供养人像、第16窟民国木匾以及第11窟元代覆钵塔为研究对象进行专题研究,对其背后蕴含的历史文化价值进行了一定程度的挖掘。在木梯寺石窟的保护与开发问题上,通过借鉴史学之外的其他人文学科的研究方法,认为应该进行文物衍生品的研发,多学科交叉并举,利用先进的数字化技术对木梯寺现存窟龛进行影像记录,尽可能降低对石窟本身的损耗,同时通过互联网技术提高石窟的使用效率,以此来维护与发展木梯寺。望通过本文,令越来越多的人意识到以木梯寺石窟为代表的中小型石窟研究的价值,并希望能引起今后学界对于中小型石窟研究的重视。
    Buddhism was introduced to China on the occasion of the two Han dynasties.During the sixteen-nation period,cave temples began to appear.During the Southern and Northern Dynasties,with the popularization and development of Buddhism,the atmosphere of opening the cave to build a temple reached its climax.The Silk Road and its surrounding areas are filled with a variety of Buddhist cave temples.Western,Hexi,Longyou and other areas are the largest number of Buddhist cave temples built,and also form the so-called "X mode" of the academic community.Kuchas mode,Liangzhou mode,Qinzhou mode.This article takes the grottoes of Wooden Ladder Temple in Wushan County as the main research object,and based on the history of ancient records,“Religious History of Gansu Province”,“Tianshui City Chronicle” and the precious four old records of Wushan County,to study the historical evolution of the wooden ladder temple grottoes.Create a factor to explain its position in the grottoes in Gansu.It seeks to verify the practical significance and social value of the protection and development of the wooden grotto temple caves through the exploration of historical and historical values of cave temples.On the basis of field investigation,the 14 th Cave in the existing burial site of the grottoes and the inscription of the words created by Xixia Dynasty in the Tang Dynasty,the statues of the Three Buddhas in the Song Dynasty in the 5th and 7th Caves,the statues of the Ming dynasty in the Cave 5,the caverns in the16 th Cave of the Republic of China,and Cave 11 In the Yuan Dynasty,the tower was built as a research object,and the historical and cultural values behind it were excavated to some extent.With regard to the protection and development of the Wooden Ladder Temple Grottoes,through the research methods of other humanities disciplines outside the historiography,it is believed that the research and development of cultural relics derivatives should be carried out,cross-cutting multiple disciplines,and utilizing advanced digital technology to the existing caves of the Wooden Ladder Temple.In order to maintain and develop the wooden ladder temples,video recording was performed to minimize the loss of the grottoes themselves,and the efficiency of grottoes was improved through Internet technology.Looking through this article,more and more people are realizing the value of the study of small and medium-sized grottoes represented by the woodenladder temple caves,and hope to attract the attention of academic circles to the study of small and medium-sized grottoes.
        

武山县木梯寺石窟研究

中文摘要3-4
Abstract4-5
绪论8-14
    一、选题缘由及研究意义8-9
    二、研究现状及趋势9-12
    三、研究方法12
    四、创新12-13
    五、挑战与不足13-14
第一章 木梯寺石窟总论14-36
    第一节 佛教在中国的流布与木梯寺的开凿14-16
    第二节 木梯寺石窟之遗存16-28
    第三节 木梯寺石窟之历史沿革28-30
    第四节 木梯寺石窟之创建因素30-34
    第五节 木梯寺石窟在甘肃石窟中的地位34-36
第二章 木梯寺石窟相关专题研究36-55
    第一节 第14窟大佛研究36-39
    第二节 第14窟西夏文题记考述39-42
    第三节 第16窟木匾研究42-44
    第四节 第5窟供养人问题44-49
    第五节 第5、7窟宋代三佛造像研究49-55
第三章 木梯寺石窟的保护与开发55-59
    第一节 木梯寺石窟的保护55-57
    第二节 木梯寺石窟旅游资源的开发57-59
结语59-61
参考文献61-66
在学期间的研究成果66-67
致谢67
        
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